All personnel seeking to engage in snorkelling operations under the auspices of Macquarie University must:
2.1.1 Inductions and check out snorkels
All inductions or checkouts should be conducted by UDO or MFM. In circumstances where this is not practical, the UDO may authorise other personnel to conduct inductions or checkouts. This delegation must be done in writing and cannot be established on an ongoing basis. The UDO may accept written evidence of inductions / checkouts performed by other qualified individuals (e.g., reciprocity from other institutions). A record of all inductions, checkouts and/or annual assessments shall be kept by the UDO.
2.1.2 Dates of expiry and renewals
Unless a renewal is completed, authorisation to participate in snorkelling operations shall expire one year from the date of issuance, or upon expiration of a relevant certification, such as a dive medical, first aid, or oxygen administration certification. Personnel must keep the UDO informed of updated certificates, qualifications, experience, or circumstances. The UDO will review each person's activities annually and ensure that they are active or assess the need to complete refresher training.
Macquarie University shall:
2.3 University Diving and Boating Safety Committee (DBSC)
DBSC operates as a specialist committee under the auspices of Macquarie University Risk and Assurance. A list of its current members is available on the DBSC wiki page. In conjunction with Macquarie University’s Risk and Assurance, it has responsibility for advising, reviewing, and overseeing snorkelling policies, procedures, and operations at Macquarie University. Additional information on the structure and reporting pathways of DBSC can be found in the Macquarie University Diving Operations Manual. DBSC can be contacted using the group email address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The UDO is appointed by Macquarie University in accordance with AS 2299.2 and has University‐ wide responsibility for diving (including snorkelling) operations.
The UDO reports to DBSC and Risks and Assurance regarding the safe conduct of snorkelling operations. The UDO has the authority to restrict, suspend or prohibit any snorkelling operation, program or practice which they have formed the view is unsafe, and to require additional safety practices, procedures or equipment that they consider necessary to ensure the safety of the participants.
The UDO can delegate routine decisions relating to snorkelling to other qualified individuals. In addition, the delegate needs to have a complete understanding of Macquarie University snorkelling procedures and all current relevant legislation. This delegation shall be done in writing and kept on file by the UDO.
The Marine Fieldwork Manager is appointed by The Head of the Department of Biological Sciences and has responsibility for oversight of marine fieldwork within the Department of Biological Sciences, as such they are considered competent to approve and supervise snorkelling personnel and operations (even those occurring in fresh water). They have the authority to approve and supervise snorkelling personnel and operations as a delegate of the UDO.
2.4.1 UDO responsibilities:
Individuals intending to participate in Macquarie University snorkelling operations must fulfil all listed requirements for the role they undertake. Minimum responsibilities, requirements, and restrictions associated with each role are outlined below.
2.5.1 All personnel must:
2.5.2 Each person's responsibilities include:
This category is for coursework students and persons who want to observe the underwater world, but who has limited snorkelling experience and do not meet the requirements of a Research Snorkeller.
This category is specifically for persons who want to be involved in research activities, typically post-graduate students.
A single snorkel guide (SG) may be responsible for up to 8 snorkellers in the water. The SG must be close enough to the snorkelling group to maintain easy communication and to be able to provide aid should it be required.
A Snorkelling Coordinator (SC) must be present at all times during every Macquarie University snorkelling operation. The SC is the Health & Safety representative in the field, and is ultimately responsible for the safe conduct of the snorkelling operation as approved by the UDO, in compliance with the information approved in FieldFriendly, this manual, and WHS regulation 2011. The SC shall coordinate and direct the operations of their field team, though they may act as either a Surface Lookout or as a Snorkel Guide during any particular snorkel. For every snorkelling operation, only one SC will be appointed in FieldFriendly.
Most snorkelling operations require the use of ancillary personnel in a range of roles. Individuals intending to assist snorkelling operations in these roles must fulfil all listed requirements of this Manual as outlined in this section and in Section 2. All support personnel must be at least 18 years old. When necessary and with the prior approval of the UDO the surface support, first aid and rescuer roles may be shared across multiple people.
2.10.1 Minimum first aid requirements
Snorkelling teams must have a sufficient number of members who hold current qualifications in First Aid, CPR, and emergency O2 provision (a minimum of two people in any snorkel team). A person on the surface at the snorkelling site should hold current training first aid including CPR and emergency oxygen administration. If snorkelling without surface support then each Snorkel Guide should have First Aid, CPR, and O2 provision qualifications.
Coursework snorkelling operations should have one staff first aider with current CPR for every 8 students and one staff member with an emergency O2 provision qualification for every 16 students.
First aid requirements for Lookouts (2.10.2.e), Snorkel Coordinators (2.9.1.k), or Snorkel Guides (2.8.1.e) may be met by multiple people with prior approval of the UDO.
2.10.2 Surface support / lookout
Surface support personnel should have First Aid, CPR, and O2 provision qualifications. They must have knowledge of the relevant snorkelling operating procedures as well as all relevant emergency procedures and plans. Typically this role is filled by the Snorkel Coordinator, but may be filled by other suitably qualified individuals.
2.10.3 Rescuer swimmer
When approved by the UDO the capability to rescue a snorkeller can be taken on by a rescue swimmer (instead of the Lookout [2.10.2.e/f], Snorkel Coordinator [2.9.1.b], or Snorkel Guide [2.8.1.b]). Rescuer swimmers should have knowledge and skills in diving/snorkelling and in the management of diving/snorkelling related incidents, injuries and illness. They should also have a level of fitness so their own health and safety are not compromised, and be dressed and equipped to maximise the likelihood of a successful rescue.
All individuals participating in fieldwork through Macquarie University (including snorkelling) must submit relevant information using the university's online fieldwork management system, called FieldFriendly. It is the participant's responsibility to ensure that relevant qualifications and documents are recorded and kept up-to-date using FieldFriendly (http://mq.fieldfriendly.com/).